Chen Siming covering his eye in solidarity with Hong Kong protesters Photograph: Twitter
But Chen has not been dissuaded. He regularly jumps Chinas great firewall to access foreign news sites and posts links in a Wechat group of more than 200 people. Every few days censors shut down the group, but he and his friends keep reopening it. The group is now on its 20th iteration.
I feel deeply ashamed that we cant do anything. Morally speaking, if you dont condemn a crime, you are complicit in it, he added.
Chen is one of dozens of Chinese intellectuals, activists, and regular people in the mainland who support the protests in Hong Kong but have had their voices muffled by Chinese authorities. On the mainland officials have been quick to censor Hong Kong-related news that has not been sanctioned and detain the few activists who have travelled to to the special administrative region.
In the lead up to Chinas 1 October National Day, when the country celebrates 70 years of the founding of the Peoples Republic of
China, authorities are more sensitive than usual. Chen and other Chinese activists have been ordered not to travel to Hong Kong until after 10 October.
Chinese Human Rights Defenders, a rights advocacy group, has
documented more than 20 cases of mainland Chinese being threatened or detained for posting messages of support, traveling to Hong Kong, or just retweeting news stories about the protests.
The complete withdrawal of the proposed extradition bill
Hong Kongs leader,
Carrie Lam, has said her government will formally withdraw the bill that ignited months of protests. Hong Kong residents had feared it could be used by China to extradite people for political reasons. They want guarantees that it cannot be reintroduced at a later date.
Withdrawal of the use of the word ‘riot’ in relation to the protests
Protesters want the government to officially recognise that their movement has been a series of legitimate protests, rather than a riot, as has been stated in official communications.
Unconditional release of arrested protesters and charges against them dropped
Hundreds of people have been arrested in recent weeks, and the protesters are demanding that all of them be freed, and that no convictions should stand against any of them.
An independent inquiry into police behaviour
Police use of force has escalated since the demonstrations began, while protesters have also resorted to increasingly violent measures. Demonstrators say an inquiry into police brutality is the number-one priority.
Implementation of genuine universal suffrage
Hong Kong’s chief executive is currently selected by a 1,200-member committee, and nearly half of the 70 legislative council seats are filled by limited electorates representing different sectors of the economy. The protesters want to be able to vote for their leaders in free and open democratic elections.
Photograph: Anushree Fadnavis/X06783
The governments battle for Hong Kong is also being fought in mainland cities, wrote Frances Eve, deputy director of research. The Chinese government is working overtime to threaten and detain mainlanders from sharing and commenting on the protests in Hong Kong for fear of what it may spark back home.
Chen Quishi, a Beijing-based lawyer who traveled to Hong Kong in mid-August, saw his Weibo account shut down a few days after he published three videos of anti-government protests that were then reposted by others on Youtube. He was called back to Beijing and on Tuesday said he had to report to leaders what he was doing in Hong Kong and how his videos were reposted.
I can understand. It is almost the national anniversary, so it is quite sensitive, Chen Qiushi said.
Wei Xiaobing, an activist in Zhejiang province, was held for 15 days in June after he shared a Facebook post and a tweet that said: keep it up Hong Kong!
Chinas propaganda machine has been in overdrive over the last two months, depicting the protesters as rioters seeking to overthrow the government, but activists say many people see through it.
Actually a lot of young people on the mainland support Hong Kong but because of the suppression, the constant monitoring, they dare not speak out loudly, said Lu, a 25-year old resident of Shenzhen, just across the border from Hong Kong, who began going to the protests in June out of curiosity.
Lu said he was shocked by scope and size of the protests and on 7 July, when demonstrators marched to a Kowloon rail station linking China and Hong Kong, he decided to join.
After nervously crossing the border into Hong Kong that morning with a pair of clothes to change into, a pen and paper, he locked himself in a bathroom at a KFC. Trembling, he wrote the words on a sign that he held up that day: Im from mainland China, I am thankful to Hong Kong people! Dont give up, fight for freedom!
A little more than a month later after Lu attended several more protests, he was detained for 10 days in Shenzhen. He has now fled to Thailand and is debating what to do next.
I really feel guilty and shameful. The price of this struggle should have been borne by us. Now Hong Kong people are bleeding for us and even losing their lives, he wrote in an essay on Medium.
Lu Freedom attending a protest in Hong Kong, holding a sign that reads Im from mainland China, I am thankful to Hong Kong people! Dont give up, fight for freedom! Photograph: Twitter
It is our indifference, indulgence and indifference that has lead to more and more arrogance of this dictatorship until it endangers everyone, Lu added.
The police have also ordered Chen to delete his account or his posts on Twitter, where he is also active, but he refused.
Chen believes more regular Chinese citizens would support the protests if they had the right information. Many people dont know what is going on at all, he said.
Like our compatriots in Hong Kong, we cant go back. We must stand out. To support the people of Hong Kong is to support ourselves, he said.